About 25% of the world’s total land is covered by mountains. It’s estimated that about three-quarters of the earth’s fresh water is stored in mountain glaciers. Depending upon their mode of formation, the mountains are classified as Fold, Block, Volcanic and Residual mountains.
The Himalayas, is a mountain range in Asia, separating the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. Likewise, it is additionally the name of the gigantic mountain framework which incorporates the Himalaya legitimate, the Karakoram, the Hindu Kush, and a large group of minor reaches stretching out from the Pamir Bunch.
The Himalayas stretch across the southeastern part of India. Cover around 1,500 mi (2,400 km) and pass through the countries of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Bhutan, and Nepal. It is the wellspring of three of the world’s significant river systems, the Indus Basin, the Ganga-Brahmaputra Basin, and the Yangtze Basin. An expected 750 million individuals live in the watershed region of the Himalayan streams, which additionally incorporates Bangladesh.
The Himalaya range is around 2,400 km, from Nanga Parbat (Pakistan) in the west to Namche Barwa in the east. The width fluctuates between 250-300 km. The Himalayan reach involves three equal reaches, arranged by elevation and geographical age.
For millennia the Himalayas have held significant importance for the people of South Asia, as their writing, mythologies, and religious facts. Since reflect times the tremendous glaciated levels definitely stand out for the traveler mountain dwellers of India, who authored the Sanskrit name Himalaya — from Hima (“snow”) and Alaya (“homestead”) — for that incredible mountain range. In contemporary times the Himalayas have offered the best fascination and the biggest tests to mountain climbers all through the world.
Glaciers and rivers
The Himalayan range envelops an extremely huge number of glaciers, remarkable among which is the Siachen Glacial, the biggest on the planet outside the polar district. A portion of the other more popular glaciers incorporates the Gangotri and Yamunotri (Uttaranchal), Nubra, Biafo and Baltoro (Karakoram district), Zemu (Sikkim), and Khumbu glacier (Mount Everest locale).
The higher regions of the Himalayas are snowbound all through the year regardless of their proximity to the tropics, and they structure the hotspots for a few huge lasting streams, the majority of which consolidate into two enormous waterway frameworks:
The western waterways consolidate into the Indus Bowl, of which the Indus River is the biggest. The Indus starts in Tibet at the juncture of the Sengge and Gar rivers and streams southwest through Pakistan to the Middle Eastern Ocean. It is taken care of by the Jhelum, the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, and the Sutlej Rivers, among others.
The vast majority of the other Himalayan streams channel the Ganga-Brahmaputra Bowl. Its two principal streams are the Ganges and the Brahmaputra. The Ganga starts as the Bhagirathi from the Gangotri ice sheet and streams southeast through the fields of northern India, taken care of by the Alaknanda and the Yamuna among different feeders. The Brahmaputra starts as the Tsangpo in western Tibet, and streams east through Tibet and west through the fields of Assam. The Ganga and the Brahmaputra meet in Bangladesh, and channel into the Narrows of Bengal through the world’s biggest stream delta.
Given below are major Himalayas Mountain ranges in Asia –
- The Himalayan Range
- The Western Ghats
- The Eastern Ghats
- Karakoram Range
- Hindu Kush Range
- Ural Mountains
- Altai Mountains
- Pamir Mountain Ranges
- Tian Shan
- Kunlun Mountains
- Caucasus Mountains
- Zagros Mountains